How do countries overcome histories of racial injustice, inequality, and violence? What role can history play in promoting reconciliation? In 1994, South Africa embarked upon an experiment to answer these questions. The centerpiece of South African efforts was the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). From 1995-2002, TRC appointees did research and interviewed thousands of South Africans to uncover a hidden history of apartheid-era violence in the hope that truth would bring about reconciliation. South Africans still debate whether the TRC met its aims, but the model of the TRC has been emulated around the world since. This course will examine the significance of the TRC in the longer history of transitional justice from the end of World War II to the present. Students will conduct historical research, whether about South Africa or another country, in order to propose their own plans for a truth commission.