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Quantitative Reasoning


When will I ever use this? Numbers and data are used in all areas of life and learning how to analyze and interpret numbers is more than just a classroom exercise. Learn how to understand and apply mathematical concepts in real-world situations and develop methods for using data, logic and math beyond the textbooks and equations.

Learning Outcomes

These are the learning outcomes that are expected of students after completing a course.


Summarize, interpret, and present quantitative data in mathematical forms, such as graphs, diagrams, tables, or mathematical text.


Develop or compute representations of data using mathematical forms or equations as models, and use statistical methods to assess their validity.


Make and evaluate important assumptions in the estimation, modeling, and analysis of data, and recognize the limitations of the results.


Apply mathematical concepts, data, procedures, and solutions to make judgments and draw conclusions.


Synthesize and present quantitative data to others to explain findings or to provide quantitative evidence in support of a position.

Questions for Students

These are the types of questions you should be able to answer after completing a course.


What is the role of mathematics in organizing and interpreting measurements of the world?


How can mathematical models and quantitative analysis be used to summarize or synthesize data into knowledge and predictions?


What methodology can we apply to validate or reject mathematical models or to express our degree of confidence in them?

Recurring Capacities

Every focus capacity course includes the following activities:


Writing, totaling at least 10 pages in length or the intellectual equivalent


Presenting material to the class, smaller groups, or the public through oral presentations, webpages, or other means


Collaborating in pairs or groups to learn, design, solve, create, build, or research

These elements – referred to as “recurring capacities” – will help you repeatedly practice crucial skills for future study, life, and career success.

Course Offerings

There are a wide range of courses you can take to meet the Quantitative Reasoning focus capacity requirement. Here are a few examples:

Faculty Resources

Any department may offer classes that fulfill any focus capacity as long as they meet the learning outcomes for that capacity.